Federal retirees may be re-employed in any position for which they are qualified, subject to the restrictions described below.
The federal government has made provisions for authorized absence from work, usually through earned leave, for most of its employees. These provisions are in Chapter 63 of Title 5, U.S. Code.
Special circumstances such as childbirth and adoption, bereavement, serious illness and organ donation each have their own set of leave rules.
Leave sharing for federal employees was authorized under the Federal Employees Leave Sharing Amendments Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-103).
Leave without pay (LWOP) is a temporary non-paid status and absence from duty that, in most cases, is granted at the employee's request.
The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) (5 U.S.C. 8101) is the law governing the payment of workers' compensation benefits to federal employees who suffer a disability due to personal injury (including occupational disease) sustained while in the performance of duty and recurrences of such disabilities after release from treatment for them.
For many federal employees, workers' compensation benefits and disability retirement are closely related issues, but it is important to realize that these two benefit programs are very different.